Rules of Volleyball
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Volleyball is a team sport played by two teams on a playing court divided
by a net. The sport originated in the
United States, and is now just achieving the type of popularity in the U.S.
that it has received on a global basis, where it ranks behind only soccer
among participation sports.
Today there are more than 24 million Americans who play volleyball.
There are 800 million players worldwide who play Volleyball at least once a
object of the game is for each team to send the ball regularly over the net to
ground it on the opponent's court, and to prevent the ball from being grounded
on its own court. The ball is put into play by the right back-row player who
serves the ball by hitting it over the net to the opponent's court. A team is
allowed to hit the ball three times (in addition to the block contact) to
return it to the opponent's court. A player is not allowed to hit the ball
twice consecutively, except when attempting a block. The rally continues until
the ball touches the ground/floor, goes "out" or a team fails to return it to
the opponent's court or commits a fault.
VOLLEYBALL SCORING SYSTEMS
RALLY POINT SCORING
The team winning a rally scores a point (Rally Point System). When the
receiving team wins a rally, it gains a point and the right to serve, and
its players rotate one position clockwise.
The best of three or best of five games will win matches. Each non-deciding
game will be won by the team that first scores 25 points with a minimum
two-point advantage (no scoring cap). If there is a deciding game, it will
be won by the team that first scores 15 points with a minimum two-point
advantage (no scoring cap).
Only the serving team may score a point, except in the deciding game when
rally-point scoring is used. When the receiving team wins a rally, it gains
the right to serve (also scoring a point in the deciding game), and its
players rotate one position clockwise. Rotation ensures that players play at
both the net and the back zone of the court.
team wins a game by scoring 15 points with a two-point advantage and wins
the match by winning the best of three or five games. In the event of a
16-16 tie, the team scoring the 17th point wins a non-deciding game with
only a one-point advantage. In a deciding game there is no point cap.
INDOOR - FIVB, USAV
Indoor courts are 18 m x 9m (59' .6614" x 29'
Indoor courts also include an attack area designated by a line 3 m (9' 10")
back from the center line.
Lines on the court are 5cm (2" wide).
BEACH - FIVB & AVP
The sand court is 16m x 8m (52' 5.9213" x 26' 2.9606")
BEACH - CBVA
The sand court is 60' by 30' (18.288m x 9.144m)
free zone surrounds the court with a recommended
minimum width of 2 m (6'6").
playing space is free from any obstructions
to a recommended height of 7 m (23') from
the playing surface.
FIVB, USAV, AVP, CBVA
The height of the net shall be
2.43 m (7� 11 5/8�) for men and 2.24
m (7� 4 1/8�) for women.
The net height is measured from the center of the
playing court with a measuring device.
The two ends of the net (over the sidelines) must
both be at the same height from the playing surface and
must not exceed the official height by more than 2
The height of the net may vary for specific
age groups as follows:
AGE GROUPS FEMALES / REVERSE-COED MALE / COED
55 years and above 2.38 m (7�9 5/8�)
45 years and above 2.19 m (7� 2 1/8�)
17/18 years and under 2.24 m (7� 4 1/8�) 2.43 m (7� 11 5/8�)
15/16 years and under 2.24 m (7� 4 1/8�) 2.43 m (7� 11 5/8�)
13/14 years and under 2.24 m (7� 4 1/8�) 2.24 m (7� 4 1/8�)
11/12 years and under 2.13 m (7� 0��) 2.13 m (7� 0�)
10 years and under 1.98 m (6� 6�) 2.13 m (7� 0�)
Circumference: 65 to 67 cm (25.5" to 27")
Weight: 260 to 280 grams (9 to 10 ounces)
Inside pressure: 0.30 to 0.325 kg/cm2 (4.3
to 4.6 lbs./sq. inch)
Twelve-and-under competition at the USAV Junior
Olympic Volleyball Championships will
be conducted using a ball with the same
circumference and inside pressure, but
with a weight of 198 to 227 grams (7 to 8 ounces).
PLAYING THE BALL
FIVB, USAV, AVP, CBVA
Each team is entitled to a maximum of three hits (in addition to blocking)
to return the ball.