Rules of Volleyball

Rules of Volleyball

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    Volleyball is a team sport played by two teams on a playing court divided by a net. The sport originated in the United States, and is now just achieving the type of popularity in the U.S. that it has received on a global basis, where it ranks behind only soccer among participation sports.

    Today there are more than 24 million Americans who play volleyball.  There are 800 million players worldwide who play Volleyball at least once a week.

     

    The object of the game is for each team to send the ball regularly over the net to ground it on the opponent's court, and to prevent the ball from being grounded on its own court. The ball is put into play by the right back-row player who serves the ball by hitting it over the net to the opponent's court. A team is allowed to hit the ball three times (in addition to the block contact) to return it to the opponent's court. A player is not allowed to hit the ball twice consecutively, except when attempting a block. The rally continues until the ball touches the ground/floor, goes "out" or a team fails to return it to the opponent's court or commits a fault.

    VOLLEYBALL SCORING SYSTEMS

    • RALLY POINT SCORING

      The team winning a rally scores a point (Rally Point System). When the receiving team wins a rally, it gains a point and the right to serve, and its players rotate one position clockwise.

       

      The best of three or best of five games will win matches. Each non-deciding game will be won by the team that first scores 25 points with a minimum two-point advantage (no scoring cap). If there is a deciding game, it will be won by the team that first scores 15 points with a minimum two-point advantage (no scoring cap).

    • SIDEOUT SCORING

      Only the serving team may score a point, except in the deciding game when rally-point scoring is used. When the receiving team wins a rally, it gains the right to serve (also scoring a point in the deciding game), and its players rotate one position clockwise. Rotation ensures that players play at both the net and the back zone of the court.

       

      A team wins a game by scoring 15 points with a two-point advantage and wins the match by winning the best of three or five games. In the event of a 16-16 tie, the team scoring the 17th point wins a non-deciding game with only a one-point advantage. In a deciding game there is no point cap.


PLAYING AREA

    INDOOR - FIVB, USAV
       Indoor courts are 18 m x 9m     (59' .6614"   x   29' 6.3307") 
       

       Indoor courts also include an attack area designated by a line 3 m (9' 10") back from the center line.

       Lines on the court are 5cm (2" wide).

BEACH - FIVB & AVP
   The sand court is   16m x 8m    (52' 5.9213"    x   26' 2.9606")

    BEACH - CBVA

       The sand court is   60' by 30'    (18.288m  x   9.144m)

     

    The free zone surrounds the court with a recommended minimum width of 2 m (6'6"). 

    The playing space is free from any obstructions to a recommended height of 7 m (23') from the playing surface.


NET HEIGHT

    FIVB, USAV, AVP, CBVA

    The height of the net shall be 2.43 m (7� 11 5/8�) for men and 2.24 m (7� 4 1/8�) for women.

    The net height is measured from the center of the playing court with a measuring device. 

    The two ends of the net (over the sidelines) must both be at the same height from the playing surface and

    must not exceed the official height by more than 2 cm (3/4").

     

    The height of the net may vary for specific age groups as follows:

     

    AGE GROUPS                 	FEMALES / REVERSE-COED  	MALE / COED
     
    55 years and above					2.38 m (7�9 5/8�)
    45 years and above		2.19 m (7� 2 1/8�)               
    17/18 years and under	2.24 m (7� 4 1/8�)		2.43 m (7� 11 5/8�)
    15/16 years and under	2.24 m (7� 4 1/8�) 		2.43 m (7� 11 5/8�)
    13/14 years and under	2.24 m (7� 4 1/8�)		2.24 m (7� 4  1/8�)
    11/12 years and under	2.13 m (7� 0��)		2.13 m (7� 0�)
    10 years and under		1.98 m (6� 6�)		2.13 m (7� 0�)

BALL

 

Circumference: 65 to 67 cm (25.5" to 27")

Weight: 260 to 280 grams (9 to 10 ounces)

Inside pressure: 0.30 to 0.325 kg/cm2 (4.3 to 4.6 lbs./sq. inch)

 

Twelve-and-under competition at the USAV Junior Olympic Volleyball Championships will

be conducted using a ball with the same circumference and inside pressure, but

with a weight of 198 to 227 grams (7 to 8 ounces).


PLAYING THE BALL

    FIVB, USAV, AVP, CBVA
       Each team is entitled to a maximum of three hits (in addition to blocking) to return the ball.

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